General Screening Information
Students have school health screenings completed each school year according to the Texas Department of State Health services screening guidelines. Screening procedures do not replace your child’s need for regular health care and checkups. Parents/Guardians will be notified of the results of the screening only if further evaluation by a physician is recommended. If you have questions about the screenings, or for religious reasons you do not wish to have your child screened, please contact the school nurse on your child’s campus.
Acanthosis Nigricans (AN) Screening
Texas law mandates this screening for students in grades 1, 3, 5 and 7 and is done in conjunction with the vision and hearing screenings. Screeners who have been trained will look at the students neck for the marker. The purpose of the screening is to detect a linear, darkened skin color change that usually appears on the back of the neck. This marker is called Acanthosis Nigricans and is caused by too much insulin in the blood. It is a pre-diabetic condition and serves as an indicator of risk for Type 2 diabetes and other health problems. Acanthosis Nigricans is usually seen during the pre-adolescence and adolescence years.
Early detection is important. If an AN marker is noted, the student will have blood pressure, height and weight measured individually in a private setting at a later date.
Texas law mandates spinal screening for students in schools, the district follows the Texas Department of State Health Services screening schedule.
This is done in a private environment by 2 school nurses specially trained. The purpose of spinal screening is to detect the signs of abnormal curves of the spine at their earliest stages so that the need for evaluation and/or treatment can be determined.
Scoliosis, a common spinal abnormal curvature, is a sideways twisting of the spine. It is usually detected in adolescents between ten and fourteen years of age. Kyphosis, sometimes called round back, is an exaggerated rounding of the upper back and is often confused with poor posture. Many cases of curvature of the spine are mild and require only ongoing observation by a physician when they are first diagnosed. Others can worsen with time as the child grows and require active treatment such as bracing or surgery. Early detection and treatment can prevent the development of a severe deformity, which can affect a person’s health and appearance.
Vision and Hearing Screenings
Texas law mandates vision and hearing screening for students in grades PK, K, 1, 3, 5 and 7 as well as students in other grades who are new to WSISD. Vision and hearing screenings are conducted in the fall or within 120 days of a student’s enrollment.