General Screening Information
Screening procedures do not replace your child’s need for regular health care and checkups. Parents/Guardians will be notified of the results of the screening only if further evaluation by a physician is recommended. If you have any questions about screenings or your child’s results, please contact the school nurse on your child’s campus.
Acanthosis Nigricans (AN) Screening:
Texas law mandates this screening for students in grades 01, 03, 05 and 07 and is done in conjunction with the vision and hearing screenings. Screeners who have been trained will look at the students neck for the marker.
The purpose of the screening is to detect a linear, darkened skin color change that usually appears on the back of the neck. This marker is called Acanthosis Nigricans and is caused by too much insulin in the blood. It is a pre-diabetic condition and serves as an indicator of risk for Type 2 diabetes and other health problems. Acanthosis Nigricans is usually seen during the pre-adolescence and adolescence years.
Early detection is important. If an AN marker is noted, the student will have blood pressure, height and weight measured individually in a private setting at a later date.
Texas law mandates spinal screening for students in grades 6th and 9th. This is done in a private environment by 2 school nurses specially trained.
The purpose of spinal screening is to detect the signs of abnormal curves of the spine at their earliest stages so that the need for evaluation and/or treatment can be determined.
Scoliosis, a common spinal abnormal curvature, is a sideways twisting of the spine. It is usually detected in adolescents between ten and fourteen years of age. Kyphosis, sometimes called round back, is an exaggerated rounding of the upper back and is often confused with poor posture. Many cases of curvature of the spine are mild and require only ongoing observation by a physician when they are first diagnosed. Others can worsen with time as the child grows and require active treatment such as bracing or surgery. Early detection and treatment can prevent the development of a severe deformity, which can affect a person’s health and appearance.
Vision and Hearing Screenings:
Texas law mandates vision and hearing screening for students in grades PK, K, 01, 03, 05 and 07 as well as students in other grades who are new to WSISD. Vision and hearing screenings are conducted in the fall or within 120 days of a student’s enrollment.